OpenSC includes a powerful set of libraries and utilities designed to work with smart cards. Its main focus is on cards that support cryptographic operations, and facilitate their use in security applications such as authentication, mail encryption and digital signatures.
OpenSC implements the PKCS#11 API so applications supporting this API can use it. On the card OpenSC implements the PKCS#15 standard and aims to be compatible with every software/card that does so, too.
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OpenSC provides a generic programming interface for accessing PAPR (Public
Application Programming Platform) compliant smart card readers and devices.
Specifically, OpenSC supports the PKCS#11 API and PKCS#15.
For more information see:
Bikini-clad girls target birthday celebrations for Milena
A group of white bikini-clad women have invaded the birthday celebrations of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
The onlookers, holding balloons, banners and mobile phones began gathering outside the Kremlin’s walls an hour before Mr Putin’s official birthday on Thursday, as the controversial leader celebrated with his family.
As hundreds of well-wishers clapped in front of the glass walls and gates leading to the Kremlin gate, a group of women started walking along the barrier on the roads around the Kremlin.
Other women then took to the fence to chant: “Putin is my lover!” while others shouted: “Ceauşescu was my lover!”, referring to Romania’s dictatorial president who was executed a few years before Mr Putin was born.
Addressing the crowd, the women shouted: “Putin is my lover!” or “Give back the power!”, before one of them then began cracking her knuckles, followed by others.
Local media said some of the women were members of the feminist group Femen, which campaigns against traditional gender roles.
“My boyfriend is not a loser!” the group has previously said in reference to Mr Putin.
Dmitry Peskov, Mr Putin’s press secretary, did not comment on the incident.
The small crowd of women, dressed in tight outfits and with their arms in the air, took up around 30 metres of the road outside the Kremlin before moving on.
They then joined a crowd of up to a few hundred people in front of Red Square.
Reports said the group were demanding to speak to Mr Putin, who was said to have
OpenSC Crack (LifeTime) Activation Code
As Security is one of the most important aspects in modern computing, the need to protect information in transit between computers is at the same time critical and unavoidable. Traditional ways of
encrypting the transmitted data are not always practical, especially when high-throughput network communication with multiple clients on a single server is to be achieved.
Smart cards provide a new and interesting alternative to traditional solutions, as they come with capabilities allowing the interception of sensitive information, while at the same time presenting a user friendly
environment in which sensitive data can be safely stored.
The primary application of smart cards to date has been a collection of physical devices that are equipped with a secure microcontroller, memory, and a smart card interface. Examples of these
devices include credit/debit cards, electronic passports, universal drivers’ licenses, and hardware tokens.
Smart cards can perform a variety of functions including storing security sensitive data, computing sensitive information, accessing protected computer systems, authenticating user identity, etc.
Simple example of a smart card:
The SCARD CSP supports smart card initialization, smart card management and the smart card security capabilities described above. The SCARD CSP also defines two additional interfaces.
CSP Init—The SCARD Initialization Protocol.
CSP GetStatus—The SCARD Get Status Protocol.
SCARD API Overview:
The SCARD API is a collection of functions that can be used to interact with a smart card. The SCARD API is designed to interoperate with any smart card vendor that implements the PKCS#15 specification.
SCARD CSP was originally developed as part of the OpenSC project. However, this API has become more widely used than OpenSC, so it will now be designated the SCARD API.
The SCARD API provides several different functions that can be used to interact with a smart card. Most of these functions are used to enumerate and query the attributes of a smart card.
There are two different types of security attributes of a smart card:
Extended Security Attributes (ESAs)
Application Specific Data (ASDs)
The first type, ESAs, is standard security attributes that are defined by the SCARD specification. Such attributes include the account number of the card, the PIN of the card, access privileges of the card, the currently active authentication algorithm, etc. ESAs are defined by a large number of attributes from PKCS#15 and are sometimes defined in a device dependent fashion.
A typical use for ESAs would be verifying
OpenSC Free [Mac/Win]
Full text description in English is here.
How to use this library:
Official OpenSC documentation is here. Examples are provided at documentation page.
OpenSC source code is here (V3.8.5). Sources are here (without.git).
How to ask questions:
Ask the SO community, we are friendly 😉
This question remains about the card specific phone database.
This question is on the wrong stack exchange site, please move it if you’d like.
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates to communication systems, and more particularly, to decoding a broadcast signal in a wireless communication system.
2. Description of the Related Art
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a communication system 100. A transmitter 102 sends data and a broadcast channel message 104 to a receiver 106 via a wireless medium 108. The receiver 106 includes a broadcast signal processing unit 110 which decodes the broadcast channel message 104, and sends the decoded data and the broadcast channel message 104 to a base station system 112 via an out-of-band (OOB) channel 114. The base station system 112 receives and processes the data. In this example, the receiver 106 can be a base station, although it can be any wireless device.
In this example, the broadcast channel message 104 includes three bits: tag, data, and error detection information (EDC). The tag indicates the content of the broadcast channel message 104. The data contains information to be sent to a set of wireless devices. A first subset of the wireless devices, such as the base station system, can be specified by a first control bit (Cg1), and a second subset of the wireless devices, such as the wireless devices in a cell, can be specified by a second control bit (Cg2). The EDC provides information to the base station system 112 that is needed to recover the transmitted data.
FIG. 2 illustrates this message exchange. An Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) symbol 202 is transmitted from the transmitter 102. The OFDM symbol 202 includes, from left to right, a 1-bit tag, a 3-bit data, and a 1-bit EDC. By way of example, the data can contain 15 bits or 15 bytes.
The base station system receives the first 3 bits, and from them, it determines that the broadcast channel message has a 1-bit tag, a 1-bit Cg1, and a 3
What’s New In?
OpenSC is a toolkit for smartcard application development (C#). The program was developed for the purpose of making it easy for the programmer to issue a transaction request, program a key or perform some other smartcard operation.
The smartcard operating system (SCOS) is used to access the commands on the smartcard. The tools included with OpenSC support the secure cryptoprocessor manufacturer’s software and are able to talk directly to the cryptoprocessor (e.g. SecurID PKCS#11).
OpenSC requires that you support card operations by passing the appropriate parameters to the cryptoprocessor’s command routine (if one is provided). The client device (PC or smartcard) can either process and encrypt the data, or just send it to the smartcard without any validation, or (when encrypting) validation that can be done on the card side.
Installation of OpenSC:
OpenSC is available for free download from
A CVS version is also available at
It is compiled on a 32 bit system, it supports Win2K, Win2K3, and WinXP. A 32 bit Windows XP VM is installed for people who want to try it out.
Single-digit user licence:
Double-digit user licence:
OpenSC is released under the same licence as Perl/Tie.
Flux reaction from anthracene
I have a file containing an equation which gives the equilibrium constant for the isomerization reaction of a molecule called anthracene. I have tried to read and understand the equation, but I have reached a point where I’m stuck.
The equation is:
and I’m told $[x]$ is the concentration of the anthracene isomer, $E_A$ is the
OS: Windows 7 SP1 64bit
Processor: Intel Core i5-2500K @ 3.30 GHz or AMD FX-6300 @ 4.5 GHz
Memory: 8GB RAM
Graphics: DirectX 11 compatible GPU with 512MB VRAM
Storage: 7GB available space
Sound Card: DirectX 11 compatible sound card with working S/PDIF
Camera: DirectX 11 compatible HD-video camera and microphone recommended
Network: Broadband internet connection